El Northern Way along with the Primitive Way, are considered the first pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, used by the first European pilgrims, mainly from Northern Europe and by their monarchs, because at the time of the discovery of the remains of the Apostle Santiago, the Iberian Peninsula was It was largely invaded by the Muslims, except in its northern part, so these were the most traveled routes for security reasons.

The Camino del Norte constitutes the second great long-distance Jacobean itinerary that, starting at the Santiago Bridge (border of Spain with France), successively crosses the Communities of the Basque Country, Cantabria, Asturias and Galicia, in a route of 810 km , approximately.

As a result of the Muslim retreat, to the South, other routes were incorporated, less demanding and with better weather conditions for pilgrims, such as the French Way.