Brief history Pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela
Santiago el Mayor, was brother of Juan, sons both of Zebedeo. After the death of Jesus Christ, Santiago came in preaching to Hispania, according to tradition. Apparently it did not get much success. The Virgin Mary appeared to him in Saragossa, inspiring him with his evangelical task.
On his return to Palestine, Herod Agrippa, ordered him to execute, also forbidding him to bury his body.
According to legend, his disciples took his body and deposited him in a boat without a rudder, asking the LORD, to lead them to the place where they should bury the body.
The boat, once you have crossed the Mediterranean Sea, went to Iria Flavia, in Galicia, where I had been preaching, stopping in this place.
This is the legend, according to which the remains of the Apostle James arrived in Spain.
About the year 820, it is discovered the Tomb of the Apostle, moment from which it has been object of a multitudinous stream of pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, from all points of the world, especially from Europe.
They are those in which the Festival of Santiago, July 25, falls on Sunday. Cyclically, they are repeated every 6, 5, 6 and 11 years. The next will occur in 2021. Exceptionally, Years of Mercy can be given, the most recent in 2016.
It is the document that is issued, for centuries, to the pilgrim who has made the Camino de Santiago, for religious reasons or faith. At present, it must be proven that he has walked, at least The Last 100 Kms, to Santiago de Compostela, and that on the French Way would be the stretch of the Camino de Santiago from Sarria. O well The Last 200 Kms, if the Camino has been done by bicycle. It is issued in the Pilgrim's Office (located at Rua das Carretas, 33 near the Cathedral of Santiago), upon presentation of the Pilgrim Credential.
In parallel to La Compostela, if the Road to Finisterre or until Muxia you can obtain La Fisterrana and La Muxiana, issued by the competent local councils of these localities.
In addition to the aforementioned Compostela, now you can also obtain the Certificate of distance which is the document that accredits the exact Way from where the pilgrim has started his trip to the Camino de Santiago, indicating Kilometers made.
It is the document in which it is credited, through stamps stamped on it, that the Way is being made, for the successive places for which the pilgrim goes to Santiago de Compostela. Your presentation will be essential, at the time of obtaining «La Compostela».